Composition of hops
In the cones of the hop plant, numerous compounds have demonstrated their nutraceutical interest. These components are used for different applications. Extracts are used to concentrate the desired active ingredients according to the desired application.
- Beta acids are used as sedatives, acting in a similar fashion to melatonin. These compounds also have antibacterial properties.
- Alpha acids help regulate glycaemia.
- Alpha and beta acids are the ingredients that give beer its bitter taste.
- The essential oil, which is volatile, has no proven nutraceutical properties. It is mainly used as a flavouring or fragrance in the food and cosmetics industries.
- Polyphenols derived from hops are chiefly represented by flavonoids, a family that includes prenylflavonoids. These prenylflavonoids, one of the specific characteristics of hops, are molecules with documented health benefits.
On order to guarantee constant quality levels, Lifenol®, which is extracted from hop cones, is rich in prenylflavonoids and more specifically: 8- prenylnaringenin, 6-prenylnaringenin, xanthohumol and isoxanthohumol (more information on the composition of Lifenol®).